- Emergency Consultation Services
- Risk Management Services
- Who We Are
- Our People
- What We Do
- Why We Are Different
- What’s New
- Where We Are
By: Matthew Jones
The effective shutdown of sporting events due to the spread of COVID-19 is having a financial effect on many people in all walks of life. Perhaps overlooked are college athletes who aspire to have contracts with professional teams. Increasingly, college athletes are insuring their careers against “Loss of Value” to protect the value of future contracts from decreasing below a predetermined amount due to significant injury or illness suffered during the coverage period. These policies are particularly important for athletes during the year leading up to their draft eligibility. Whether delays in the drafts will be covered by these policies is uncertain.
The policies require medical underwriting and may exclude specific pre-existing injuries or illnesses, such as osteoarthritis or degenerative conditions, drug and alcohol use, criminal acts, and mental, nervous or psychological disorders. Insurers first determine an athlete’s eligibility based on projected draft position. Depending on that position, policy limits vary between $1 million and $10 million. The underwriters then set a loss-of-value threshold: If the athlete is drafted below a specific position, and must sign for a lesser amount, the policy may be triggered. If the contract amount falls below that threshold as a direct result of injury or illness, the insurer will pay the difference between the contract’s value and the predetermined threshold.
Injury or illness does not automatically trigger benefits. Instead, the athlete must tie the injury or illness directly to a decrease in value or lower draft position. Insurers evaluate other issues as well, including off-field conduct, poor performance during the season or at pre-draft events, a rise in the draft value of other athletes, and changes in a professional teams’ needs.
Loss of Value insurance generally applies in the context of injuries and illnesses, but what happens when a season has been forfeited? The NCAA cancelled all spring sports for the remainder of the season, effectively ending the careers of many senior athletes in spring sports. While some athletes may look to their Loss of Value insurance policies for protection, the policies may not apply if it the loss is not based on injury or illness.
If an athlete contracted the coronavirus the analysis is much different. When the NCAA is considering questions raised by an athlete’s illness it looks at “illness first manifested in the insured athlete during the period of this insurance which requires medical treatment by a physician and has negatively affected the athlete’s skills in a manner that causes substantial and material deterioration in his ability to perform in his occupation.” It seems clear that coronavirus is as an “illness” under this definition assuming the athlete requires medical treatment, the illness negatively affects the athlete’s skills, and the negative effect causes substantial and material deterioration in the athlete’s ability to perform as a professional.
In an attempt to help these athletes, the NCAA granted an extra year of eligibility. But what does such a decision do to those athletes who contracted the virus? Does it mitigate or diminish the potential losses of the athletes? As with other COVID-related matters, these unprecedented questions will likely need to be resolved through litigation.
The FMG Coronavirus Task Team will be conducting a series of webinars on Coronavirus issues on a regular basis. Topics include the CCPA, the CARES Act, Education Claims, Law Enforcement and the viruses’ impact on the Construction Industry. Click here to register.
FMG has formed a Coronavirus Task Force to provide up-to-the-minute information, strategic advice, and practical solutions for our clients. Our group is an interdisciplinary team of attorneys who can address the multitude of legal issues arising out of the coronavirus pandemic, including issues related to Healthcare, Product Liability, Tort Liability, Data Privacy, and Cyber and Local Governments. For more information about the Task Force, click here.
You can also contact your FMG relationship partner or email the team with any questions at email@example.com.
**DISCLAIMER: The attorneys at Freeman Mathis & Gary, LLP (“FMG”) have been working hard to produce educational content to address issues arising from the concern over COVID-19. The webinars and our written material have produced many questions. Some we have been able to answer, but many we cannot without a specific legal engagement. We can only give legal advice to clients. Please be aware that your attendance at one of our webinars or receipt of our written material does not establish an attorney-client relationship between you and FMG. An attorney-client relationship will not exist unless and until an FMG partner expressly and explicitly states IN WRITING that FMG will undertake an attorney-client relationship with you, after ascertaining that the firm does not have any legal conflicts of interest. As a result, you should not transmit any personal or confidential information to FMG unless we have entered into a formal written agreement with you. We will continue to produce education content for the public, but we must point out that none of our webinars, articles, blog posts, or other similar material constitutes legal advice, does not create an attorney client relationship and you cannot rely on it as such. We hope you will continue to take advantage of the conferences and materials that may pertain to your work or interests.**